The Castigations of Golgotha was a long-term campaign carried out by the zealous Fire Hawks Space Marine Chapter that consisted of a series of Imperial Crusades (totaling 13 castigations) between 228.M40 and 902.M41 through the benighted war-torn area known as the Golgothan Wastes. The last Golgothan Crusade ended just prior to the outbreak of the Badab War.
Following the loss of their second homeworld when it was rendered uninhabitable, the Fire Hawks found themselves once again relegated to the status of a fleet-based Chapter. The Fire Hawks vowed to undertake repeated "castigations" throughout the Golgotha Wastes sector of space, located on the northwest border of the Maelstrom Zone in the Ultima Segmentum. These missions ranged in scope from the use of the full might of the Chapter fleet such as the war that ended the xenos domination of the Zharth-Omog Trinity in the Third Castigation of Golgotha, to the progress of the single Strike Cruiser Slaughtering Star which hunted the Renegade Space Marines warband known as the Damned Company of Lord Caustos in the Tenth Castigation.
The last Castigation until 904.M41 was the Thirteenth, which saw the bulk of the Chapter's fleet spread out into three distinct spearhead formations passing laterally through the southern Golgothan Wastes, attacking and pursuing targets of opportunity as they came across them, notably locating and condemning the lost colony of Jenkin's Run to Exterminatus for the abominable taint that afflicted its once-human inhabitants. It was an out-riding vanguard cruiser, the Red Harbinger, of this last dispersed Castigation fleet that was sent to the Maelstrom Zone's edge at the request of the Karthan Satrap, Tanit Koenig, who wanted the Fire Hawks investigate the disappearance of Karthan shipping in the area.
On a number of occasions in the past, the fleet-based Fire Hawks Chapter had used the vast orbital dockyards of the Karthan capital world of Sidon Ultra for resupply. They had also been invited by the Karthans to enact the Emperor's judgement upon wayward planets and minor alien threats within the sector, and it was on this relationship the Karthans relied upon for a favourable hearing. The volatile and bellicose nature of the Fire Hawks Chapter was widely known, and it is likely that this also figured in the Karthan Satrap's request. The subsequent attack and capture of the Red Harbinger when it entered the Endymion Cluster by the forces of the Mantis Warriors sparked the calamity of the Badab War that followed.
- Imperial Armour Volume Nine - The Badab War - Part One, pp. 22-23, 69